1977 - 1982

Monte Piano rises like a barrier across the Höhlenstein Valley. It was located only 12 km from the main railway in Toblach and the Puster Valley, which was the important re-supply line for the Dolomite Front. The mountain's summit ridge runs in a northeast direction and consists of two knolls (2,301 m / 2,325 m) divided by a depression or saddle called Forcella dei Castrati. The plateau's size allowed for the movement of large numbers of soldiers during battles. Thus, when the Italians were thwarted in their efforts to gain access to the Puster Valley via the Höhlenstein Valley they attempted a breakthrough over the Monte Piano. The result was two years of continuous stationary trench warfare and very large numbers of casualties. Therefore both sides created extensive networks of trenches, fortifications, and other positions on their respective sides.

Previous restoration efforts by our association on the "Paths of Peace" resulted in an increased interest, awareness and enthusiasm for this period of history. Thus, the idea was born to restore the positions on a mountain of both historical significance and great scenic beauty, and make an open-air museum out of the entire mountain warfare battlefield. To begin with, all the paths, which had previously linked each of the opponent's own plateau trails together, were united in one large circuit path. The trails leading up to the plateau from various sides were also reactivated at the same time. 30 different noteworthy military features were restored to what they would have looked like in 1917. The Open Air Museum is documented separately on this website.

Our construction sites in the area were:

  • Restoring the interior of the Capanna Carducci hut at 2,325 m, and new construction of a magazine

  • Path construction of the Pionierweg from Dürren Lake / Lago di Landro to the north knoll of Mt. Piano, this has an altitude difference of 1,000 m

  • Path construction of the Touristensteig from Schluderbach / Carbonin - south knoll of Mt. Piano

  • Path construction Val Rimbianco - Forcella Castrati

  • Path construction on the eastern slope (closed at present due to danger from falling rocks)

  • Path construction Val Rimbianco - Katzenleiter / Croda d'Arghena - Forcella di Mezzo

  • Restoration of former Italian and Austro-Hungarian Front paths on north and south knolls

  • Secured climbing trail "Hptm. Bilgeri-Gedächtnissteig"

  • Secured climbing trail "Heeresbergführer Steig"

  • Creation of the Open Air Museum: South knoll; Guardia Napoleone; North knoll; tunnel facilities; military cemetery on the Pionierweg; and the fountain along the Misurina - Rif. Bosi road.




View of Mt. Piano
 from the Höhlenstein Valley